The National Cancer Institute estimates that approximately 11.4 million Americans with a history of cancer were alive in January 2006. Some of these individuals were cancer-free, while others still had evidence of cancer and may have been undergoing treatment. About 1,529,560 new cancer cases are expected to be diagnosed in 2010. This estimate does not include carcinoma in situ (noninvasive cancer) of any site except urinary bladder, and does not include basal and squamous cell skin cancers, which are not required to be reported to cancer registries. To date, TA has designed and provided programs as well as specialty therapeutic services for cancer survivors including those who have undergone treatment for breast cancer, lung cancer, bladder cancer, colon cancer, osteosarcoma, leukemia, and Ewings sarcoma.